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Symptoms Of High Blood Pressure, Treatments, And More

When high blood pressure is an emergency

High blood pressure symptoms

High blood pressure (hypertension) is the most common form of cardiovascular disease, according to the American Heart Association.

Knowing about your body can be very beneficial to your health as you age. Knowing about your high blood pressure  (HBP) can help prevent strokes, heart disease, and kidney disease. In this article, you will find everything you should know about your blood pressure. Anyone can have high blood pressure. It doesn’t matter your age, race, ethnicity, or gender.

Blood pressure high symptoms: Many people suffer from high blood pressure and have a higher risk of strokes and heart diseases than those with regular blood pressure.

What is high blood pressure (HBP)?

What is high blood pressure? High blood pressure (HBP) is the force of blood against the walls of your arteries. Your blood pressure is always rising and falling throughout the day and if it rises and stays that way over time, you have high blood pressure. High blood pressure is usually referred to as hypertension. When you have high blood pressure it puts more pressure on the heart, making it work harder than usual. This is why you end up at risk for strokes or heart disease.

High blood pressure

What is the normal blood pressure level?

The normal blood pressure level is less than 120 over 80 or less. The first number is your systolic pressure and the second number is your diastolic pressure. Your numbers are read 120 over 80, etc. If your pressure is 140 over 90 or higher you have high blood pressure.

What is systolic blood pressure? This is the force of blood in your arteries when your heart is beating.

What is diastolic blood pressure? This is the force of blood in your arteries when your heart is relaxing.

How do you feel when you have HBP?

The most common risks of high blood pressure are:

  1. Risk of heart attack and stroke.
    High blood pressure damages the walls of your arteries. This makes them more likely to develop deposits of plaque that harden, narrow, or block your arteries. 
  2. Heart failure.
    When your arteries are hardened or narrowed, your heart has to work harder to circulate your blood. This increased workload can cause your heart to become larger and fail to supply your organs with blood.
  3. Chest pain.
    Chest pain, also called angina, occurs when the heart does not get the blood it needs. When people with high blood pressure perform activities such as walking uphill, going up steps, or exercising, angina can cause pressure, squeezing, pain, or a feeling of fullness in the chest.
  4. Kidney damage.
    Your kidneys help your body get rid of toxins and regulate many of your body’s complex functions. High blood pressure can cause damage to the arteries around your kidneys. This can reduce their ability to do their job and, at worst, lead to kidney failure.

There are a few other risk factors that can be modified and some that cannot be. The following are some risks:

• Tobacco • Physical Inactivity • Diabetes • Abnormal Cholesterol • Being overweight

Who can get HBP?

Unfortunately anyone can get high blood pressure but it is more common among African Americans. Nearly one in three American adults has high blood pressure. African Americans also have a much higher death rate from kidney disease and stroke than white Americans. Even so, with treatment, you can help lower your blood pressure.

How can I lower my blood pressure?

Fortunately, there are many different ways of helping to lower your blood pressure: Exercise is a great way to lower it. Doing physical activity will make your heart stronger over time. If you have a stronger heart it can pump blood easier lessening your risks of stroke and kidney diseases. It is never too late to start exercising! 

Making small changes to your habits, such as eating a lower sodium diet, getting regular exercise, maintaining a healthy weight, limiting alcohol intake, and quitting smoking can lower your blood pressure by 10-20 mmHg or more.

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